Marie Curie

In 1903, Marie got the Nobel Prize for Physics with French physicist Henri Becquerel and her husband for their work on radioactivity.

ABOUT MARIE CURIE

Marie curie was born Maria Sklodowska on November 7 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. She met her scientist husband, Pierre Curie, in Paris in 1894, and they married a year later. It was around this time that she adopted the French spelling of her name – Marie. In 1903, she shared the Nobel Prize for Physics with French physicist Henri Becquerel and her husband for their work on radioactivity. Her name was initially left off the winners’ list but Pierre insisted she be included. She thus became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. In 1911, she was awarded the Chemistry Prize – becoming the first person to win two Nobels. Curie’s daughter, Irene Joliot-Curie, also won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, jointly with her husband, Frederic Joliot-Curie, in 1935. They are the only mother-daughter pair to have won Nobel Prizes. During the First World War, Curie worked to develop small, mobile X-ray units that could be used to diagnose injuries near the battlefront. The first machines were known as Petits Curies. She died on the 4th July 1934 from leukaemia, believed to have been caused by exposure to radiation from her research.
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